What is Coding?
The debate over whether coding is necessary for cyber security is complex. On the one hand, some experts argue that the most important skills in cybersecurity are the ability to identify risks, think systematically about solutions, and possess good communication skills. Technical know-how isn’t necessary for success in cyber security, according to this viewpoint. On the other hand, coders have an edge over non-coders because they can automate many processes that would take humans far longer to complete. In addition, coders are much better at understanding how systems can be broken down and manipulated as attackers often rely on vulnerabilities in code to launch attacks. By being able to read and understand code through coding proficiency this vulnerability can be mitigated and better defended against attacks.
It depends on individual circumstances as both approaches have their merits and limitations. Regardless of which perspective is taken however, learning about coding has many advantages and can be a great way to increase your knowledge of cyber security and help protect companies from potential security threats.
Moving forward in this discussion, we’ll look at the coding languages used in cybersecurity and the benefits they bring to organizations looking to stay secure online.
- According to a survey conducted by (ISC)², 97 percent of cybersecurity professionals believe coding is an important security skillset.
- A study published by the International Journal of Engineering and Information Technology showed that 80 percent of cybersecurity breaches are attributed to malicious or negligent coding errors.
Coding Languages Used in Cybersecurity
Coding languages used in cybersecurity must be understood and practiced as part of a security professional’s arsenal. The two leading coding languages used in cybersecurity are Python and C/C++, followed by Java and MATLAB.
Python is generally easier to learn and use because of its concise syntax that allows for quick development. It’s widely used in pentesting, cryptography, malware analysis, and building custom security tools. This makes it very useful for all sorts of scripting tasks like log analysis or network monitoring, but also for attacking systems.
C/C++ is a more complex language compared to Python and offers great support for object orientation and low-level memory manipulation. It is the most commonly used language for embedded microcontrollers for IoT applications, so it’s crucial in IoT/SCADA security. In addition to general-purpose insecure coding practices, C/C++ can help build secure applications such as firewalls or remote access servers.
Java is mostly used in web application security assessments due to its ease of creating an environment where malicious code can be tested against testing applications. Java is similar to Python in terms of readability and speed. Plus, the language has powerful analytics libraries that can be used for automation of certain tasks in network defense.
The argument for investing time learning a coding language rather than relying completely on automated tools is that there are some potential advantages offered from understanding the underlying code when analyzing potential exploits or vulnerabilities in cyber systems or networks. Although automation is incredibly useful, knowing how to code allows security professionals to create custom solutions tailored to the specific needs of their organization or task at hand.
Why is Coding Necessary for Cybersecurity?
Coding is becoming increasingly important in the world of cybersecurity, with many experts claiming that it is a necessary ability for safeguarding our online data. Coding is a crucial tool for developing software programs and apps used in cybersecurity, which enable users to defend their computer systems from digital attacks. Strong coding skills imply the ability to design secure programs and systems that can protect against malicious attacks.
The discussion revolves around whether or not coding should be required as part of a cybersecurity vocation. For some, coding is an essential element of the profession, with coding skills crucial to understanding how cyber-attacks work and how to counter them. Some, on the other hand, believe that coding abilities are not required for individuals working in cybersecurity. They may be more useful when combined with other skills like network security or threat analysis.
Understanding Tools and Practices
In the cyber security profession, many different tools and practices are used for data protection. From firewalls to antivirus software, each tool has a specific function it was designed for to help ensure that data remains secure from unauthorized access. Additionally, many other practices, such as secure coding, Penetration Testing (PT) and Basic Security Maintenance (BSM) are also employed.
From an educational point of view, understanding the basics of these tools and practices are important skills for anyone entering the cyber security field. Understanding how and why certain tools work can help professionals to use them correctly and efficiently, allowing them to identify potential problems before they become vulnerabilities.
However, despite the importance of being proficient with these tools, one of the biggest debates in cyber security is whether or not coding is actually a must-have skill when tackling any security issues. On one hand, some experts argue that coding skills are essential for getting into the nitty gritty details of a system and making sure that any potential vulnerabilities can be dealt with before they cause real harm. On the other hand, some believe that coding is not absolutely necessary; that with enough in depth knowledge about existing security tools and techniques those who do not code can still have an effective career in cybersecurity.
The Current Debate about Coding Skills
The current debate about coding skills in cybersecurity has prompted the IT industry to take a closer look at whether or not developers are essential for keeping information secure. It is a widely held belief that coding is necessary to secure applications, systems, networks, and data from cyber threats. On the other hand, there are those who believe that coding is not a necessity for working with cybersecurity and can be replaced by other tactics and techniques.
Proponents of coding skills in cybersecurity argue that coding is a critical skill needed to create robust solutions that are able to detect and protect against malicious attacks and data breaches. They maintain that coding knowledge enables professionals to develop automated processes that can quickly detect and respond to cyber-attacks more efficiently than manual solutions. Furthermore, they point out that coding skills provide a level of control over system architecture and design which helps ensure stability and performance as well as allows for increased customization when defending against cyber threats.
However, opponents of requiring coding skills in cybersecurity counter that knowledge of coding requirements is generally limited to senior security personnel and many don’t have the resources or environment in place to train employees on those skills. Indeed, some specialists have expressed concern that the complexity of developing secure code could lead to its own security risks if the programmer does not have sufficient experience or understanding of the development process itself. Additionally, others suggest that focusing too much on acquiring technical coders could lead to an inadequate attention on obtaining experts in other aspects of cybersecurity such as incident response, risk management, or governance compliance.
This ongoing debate on the necessity of programming skills in the field of cybersecurity has resulted in an array of opinions from experts from various disciplines. As such, it is important to consider the pros and cons before making any decisions regarding the requirement of coding skills within cybersecurity.
Pros and Cons of Requiring Coding for Cybersecurity
The debate around whether coding should be a required skill in cybersecurity is an ongoing one. There are pros and cons to both sides of the argument. To better understand why coding should or should not be a required skill, it is important to consider both points of view.
Advocates of coding as a must-have skill for cybersecurity point out that having the background knowledge and ability to code provides an easier platform to troubleshoot potential issues with technology faster and more efficiently. Combined with a basic foundation in security, equipped coders can bridge the gap between IT service and security as they have the capability to analyze existing code used in development and pinpoint inaccurate portions which could pose security vulnerabilities if used inappropriately.
Opponents of making coding a requirement for cybersecurity jobs argue that employers are setting themselves up for a major talent pool loss due to difficulty in finding qualified applicants that have the technical experience of coding along with extended knowledge of security protocols. There has already been an industry-wide struggle among recruiting companies to fill specialized roles due to lack of qualified candidates or too much interest from potential applicants. It is argued that by requiring coding expertise, this gap could widen further, thus only causing more employment opportunities in the market go unfilled if there are enough coders who can meet the criteria but cannot fulfill security eyes at the same time.
Should Everyone Learn Coding for Cybersecurity?
In the world of cybersecurity, coding knowledge is often considered an essential skill. With the source code of software and applications being a prime target for hackers, coding knowledge can come in handy to troubleshoot any vulnerabilities. It can give individuals the ability to modify their security architecture and address any specific issues that arise. Those working in the field may find it beneficial to learn at least one programming language when responding to security incidents.
That said, coding may not be necessary for everyone in cybersecurity. For many positions such as a risk analyst or penetration tester – which requires assessing existing systems – coding is neither required nor beneficial. Moreover, many of the tools and technologies used in cybersecurity functions do not require coding to be used effectively. Therefore, it’s possibly unwise for those without coding knowledge to invest time or money into learning it.
Those who advocate for learning coding argue that it gives individuals insight into the system architecture and behavior of applications and software. This gives them a deeper understanding of how an organization’s IT infrastructure may be exploited and modulated to reduce risk on both system-level and human-level vectors. Having coding capabilities also allows individuals to use cutting-edge security automation solutions without relying on third parties or vendors who are often expensive and overburdened with projects and requests.
On the other hand, opponents believe that coding is not a must-have skill in cybersecurity because most of the tasks involved don’t require programming skills. Conversely, they argue that a non-coder should focus more on understanding the business requirements and best practices related to digital security such as GDPR compliance and developing secure software architectures. In addition, they suggest that individuals should optimize their skillset by focusing on areas where they can excel while leaving development tasks to experts already proficient in this field.
Ultimately, whether or not an individual should learn coding depends on which type of job they want within cybersecurity. For those looking to work with automation, analytics or DevOps engineering, then acquiring some level of proficiency in coding is highly encouraged given its versatility across industries. However all other types of roles are typically feasible without it.